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Programming language: Haskell
License: MIT License
Tags: System    
Latest version: v0.4.3

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conduit-find is essentially a souped version of GNU find for Haskell, using a DSL to provide both ease of us, and extensive flexbility.

In its simplest form, let's compare some uses of find to find-conduit. Bear in mind that the result of the find function is a conduit, so you're expected to either sink it to a list, or operate on the file paths as they are yielded.

Basic comparison with GNU find

A typical find command:

find src -name '*.hs' -type f -print

Would in find-conduit be:

find "src" (glob "*.hs" <> regular) $$ mapM_C (liftIO . print)

The glob predicate matches the file basename against the globbing pattern, while the regular predicate matches plain files.

A more complicated example:

find . -size +100M -perm 644 -mtime 1

Now in find-conduit:

let megs = 1024 * 1024
    days = 86400
now <- liftIO getCurrentTime
find "." ( fileSize (> 100*megs)
        <> hasMode 0o644
        <> lastModified (> addUTCTime now (-(1*days)))

Appending predicates like this expressing an "and" relationship. Use <|> to express "or". You can also negate any predicate:

find "." (not_ (hasMode 0o644))

By default, predicates, whether matching or not, will allow recursion into directories. In order to express that matching predicate should disallow recursion, use prune:

find "." (prune (depth (> 2)))

This is the same as using -maxdepth 2 in find.

find "." (prune (filename_ (== "dist")))

This is the same as:

find . \( -name dist -prune \) -o -print


find-conduit strives to make file-finding a well performing operation. To this end, a composed Predicate will only call stat once per entry being considered; and if you prune a directory, it is not traversed at all.

By default, find calls stat for every file before it applies the predicate, in order to ensure that only one such call is needed. Sometimes, however, you know just from the FilePath that you don't want to consider a certain file, or you want to prune a directory tree.

To support these types of optimized queries, a variant of find is provided called findWithPreFilter. This takes two predicates: one that is applied to only the FilePath, before stat (or lstat) is called; and one that is applied to the full file information after the stat.

Final notes

Predicates form a Category and an Arrow, so you can use Arrow-style composition rather than Monoids if you wish. They also form an Applicative, a Monad and a MonadPlus.

In the Monad, the value bound over is whatever the predicate chooses to return (most Predicates return the same FilePath they examined, however, making the Monad less value). Here's an example Monad:

start <- liftIO getCurrentTime
find "." $ do
    -- The Predicate Monad is a short-circuiting monad, meaning we stop as
    -- soon as it can be determined that the user is not interested in a
    -- given file.  To access the current file, simply bind the result
    -- value from any Predicate.  To change the file being matched against,
    -- for whatever reason, use 'consider'.
    glob "*.hs"

    -- If the find takes longer than 5 minutes, abort.  We could have
    -- used 'timeout', but this is for illustration.
    end <- liftIO getCurrentTime
    if diffUTCTIme end start > 300
        then ignoreAll
        else matchAll                -- matchAll is "id" in this Category