Monthly Downloads: 469
Programming language: Haskell
License: BSD 3-clause "New" or "Revised" License
Tags: Data    
Latest version: v0.3.0

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data-fix - fixpoint types and recursion schemes

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Fixpoint types and recursion schemes. If you define your AST as fixpoint type, you get fold and unfold operations for free.

Fix f = f (Fix f)

Type f should be a Functor if you want to use simple recursion schemes or 'Traversable' if you want to use monadic recursion schemes. This style allows you to express recursive functions in non-recursive manner. You can imagine that a non-recursive function holds values of the previous iteration.

Little example:

type List a = Fix (L a)

data L a b = Nil | Cons a b

instance Functor (L a) where
  fmap f x = case x of
    Nil      -> Nil
    Cons a b -> Cons a (f b)

length :: List a -> Int
length = cata $ \x -> case x of
  Nil      -> 0
  Cons _ n -> n + 1

sum :: Num a => List a -> a
sum = cata $ \x -> case x of
  Nil      -> 0
  Cons a s -> a + s


Thanks for contribution to: Matej Kollar, Herbert Valerio Riedel