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llvm-hs - Haskell bindings for LLVM
This project aims to provide a relatively complete set of bindings for the LLVM API. If you find that anything is missing please open an issue! We generally try to stay close to the LLVM C++-API so you can consult the LLVM documentation and reuse existing resources.
If you’ve worked with LLVM before, take a look at the examples in the llvm-hs-examples repo. If not, you can find a translation of the official LLVM tutorial at https://github.com/llvm-hs/llvm-hs-kaleidoscope. There is also a blog series on writing a C compiler with the library. In general, we try to stay very close to the API and AST provided by LLVM itself, so the LLVM language reference is also very useful.
LLVM API Interface
llvm-hs provides an LLVM binding at (roughly) the same level of abstraction
as the official LLVM C API. Because of this, anything you might do with the
LLVM C API, you should expect to be able to do with
llvm-hs. In addition,
some things which are not handled in the LLVM C API are supported. For example,
the LLVM C API does not provide any
support for working
AttributeList types, but
However, the binding to LLVM is only half the story: a lot of advanced
pure-Haskell functionality is built on top of this basic interface in the
llvm-hs-pure module, most notably the monadic
which greatly simplify the task of generating LLVM code from a higher level
abstract syntax. The
project contains example usage. These high level interfaces are ideal for
implementing the LLVM backend for your code generation project. A good example
is Google's Dex research
LLVM API Coverage and Philosophy
llvm-hs FFI layer in
LLVM/Internal/FFI extends the upstream LLVM C API
adding missing functionality which upstream has not yet exposed from the C++
API. We also provide some improved implementations of buggy or otherwise
problematic functions in the LLVM C API. As the LLVM C API becomes more
complete, we retire our extensions and directly wrap the newly added C API
functions, ensuring our FFI layer is as small as possible.
If you find you need to use some LLVM functionality which is available via the
C++ API but not via the C API or in
llvm-hs, please open an issue and
include links to the relevant entities in the LLVM doxygen-generated
In general, if it is possible to implement something in Haskell using the LLVM C API primitives, that is preferable to implementing things in the FFI layer and merely exposing them to Haskell as wrapped C or C++ functions.
We love all kinds of contributions so please feel free to open issues for missing LLVM features, report & fix bugs or report API inconveniences.
Trying to represent the version of LLVM in the version number but also
allowing for version bumps in the bindings themselves while respecting
the PVP can be tricky. Luckily LLVM switched to a
new versioning scheme
major.0.patch starting from version
4.0. This means that we can
use the last two components for these bindings while the first
component indicates the version of LLVM. A special case are the
3.major.minor that represent bindings to LLVM 3.9. Bindings
to earlier versions are not provided.
How is this related to llvm-general?
This project is a fork of the venerable
llvm-general that aims to improve the
public release story, and better provide the interfaces needed for any Haskell
project looking to leverage LLVM. Contributions are encouraged.