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Rivet - a database migration library for Haskell.

How it works

You write SQL or haskell DSL database migrations, and they are compiled into a migrate binary that knows how to run migrations, roll them back, and inspect the state of the database. Since it is a binary, it can be shipped around via whatever deployment mechanism you use, and will be available in your production environment (where it can talk to production databases), if you need that.


All migrations will be Haskell source files in a migrations directory. They will be run in lexicographic order, which means you should name them accordingly. The convention I've used in M2016..._description_of_change, where the beginning is a full timestamp. You should create the migrations directory, and then add a target to your cabal file.

Executable migrate
  hs-source-dirs: src migrations
  main-is: rivet.hs
  Build-depends: base,
                 ... -- same as your application
  default-language: Haskell2010

An example migration might be:

{-# LANGUAGE OverloadedStrings #-}
module M20141211212630_add_type_to_gift_subscriptions where

import           Control.Monad
import           Database.Rivet.V0

migrate :: Migration IO ()
migrate = do addColumn "gift_subscriptions" (ColumnSpec "type" "text" Nothing (Just "not null"))
             addColumn "gift_subscriptions" (ColumnSpec "country_code" "text" Nothing (Just "not null"))


{-# LANGUAGE OverloadedStrings #-}
module M20160521_add_to_addr_index where

import           Control.Monad
import           Database.Rivet.V0

migrate :: Migration IO ()
migrate = sql up down

up = "CREATE INDEX CONCURRENTLY email_archive_to_addr_idx ON email_archive (to_addr);"

down = "DROP INDEX email_archive_to_addr_idx;"

See the full (at this point very limited) API in Database.Rivet.V0.

Then you should create migrations/rivet.hs. Currently, there is still some copying / pasting, in particular, to figure out how to connect to the database. The following will work, first loading environment variables from a .env file if it exists, and then looking for an env.cfg file in the configurator format where it will find database connection info. You can change this to be however your application manages database connections. The preprocessor line (second in file) and the last two lines in the main function are required; everything else could vary.

{-# LANGUAGE OverloadedStrings #-}
{-# OPTIONS_GHC -F -pgmF rivet-autoimporter #-}
module Main where

import qualified Configuration.Dotenv
import           Control.Monad                     (when)
import qualified Data.Configurator                 as C
import           Data.Monoid
import           Database.Rivet.Adaptor.PostgreSQL
import qualified Database.Rivet.Main               as Rivet
import           System.Directory                  (doesFileExist)
import           System.Environment

main :: IO ()
main = do e <- doesFileExist ".env"
          when e $ Configuration.Dotenv.loadFile False ".env"
          args <- getArgs
          let (env, mode) =
               case args of
                 [env', "up"] -> (env', Rivet.MigrateUp)
                 [env', "down"] -> (env', Rivet.MigrateDown)
                 [env', "status"] -> (env', Rivet.MigrateStatus)
                 _ -> error "Usage: [executable] [devel|prod|...] [up|down|status]"
          conf <- C.load [C.Required (env <> ".cfg")]
          host <- C.require conf "postgresql-simple.host"
          port <- C.require conf "postgresql-simple.port"
          user <- C.require conf "postgresql-simple.user"
          pass <- C.require conf "postgresql-simple.pass"
          db <- C.require conf "postgresql-simple.db"
          adaptor <- setup id (ConnectInfo host port user pass db)
          Rivet.main adaptor mode migrations

Once you've done that, build your project as normal, and then run the produced migrate binary. The main file provided has usage instructions, though if you customize it, obviously these might vary.