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Monthly Downloads: 24
Programming language: Haskell
License: BSD 3-clause "New" or "Revised" License
Tags: Data    
Latest version: v0.1.0.0

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README

The subcategories package

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This package provides variants of functor-like structures, with domain types are constrained. In particular, this package provides an abstraction for functorial containers, which can be expressed as a functor from a full-subcategory of Hask to Hask itself 1.

For example:

  • We can treat Set as if it is a Fuctor, Foldable, Applicative, with their domain restricted to full-subcategory Ord of Ord instances of Hask.
  • For MonoFoldable or MonoTraversable types (from mono-traversable package), we provide WrapMono wrapper with zero-cost coercion. Such monos can be regarded as a functorial structure from the full subcategory consisting of just a single object, say Element mono.

Optimisation

This library is designed to keep the abstraction runtime overhead as minimum as possible.

Some notes:

  • If a constrained term such as cmap or czipWith has concrete type, it must have exactly the same representation as the corresponding operation modulo (zero-cost) coercion.
    • The same still holds if the set of required constraints coincides.
    • Although the constructor of WrapMono mono a is hidden, its just a newtype-wrapper around mono; hence, constrained operators must have the same representations as the corresponding combinators in mono-traversable package.
  • OTOH, for a polymorphic term, like cmap :: (Ord a, Ord b) => (a -> b) Set a -> Set b and Set.map, they can have different representations; indeed, Set.map doesn't require a to be Ord-instance and therefore the implementation of cmap discards the dictionary for Ord a to call Set.map.

  1. Strictly speaking, CFoldable, a constrained counterpart of Foldable, doesn't require a functoriality as with the original Foldable