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Programming language: Haskell
License: Apache License 2.0
Tags: Data     Versioning    
Add another 'versioning' Package

README

versioning

This package provides various tools to deal with data versioning in a type-safe way.

The base idea is that multiple versions of a data-model can be encoded in a single type parametrized by a version number. The addition or removal of a field can be expressed through the Since and Until type families.

Example:

data Rec v = Rec
    { foo :: Int               -- this field exists in all versions
    , bar :: Since V1 v Bool   -- this field has been introduced in V1
    , baz :: Until V1 v Double -- this field has been removed in V2
    }

Upcasting

Thanks to this encoding we gain the ability to iterate on a range of versions.

For example, once we define how to adapt from each version to the next, we can upgrade across multiple versions automatically:

instance Adapt V0 V1 Rec where
    adapt rec = rec
        { bar = False   -- this field is new in V1, we set it to a default value
        , baz = baz rec
        }

instance Adapt V1 V2 Rec where
    adapt rec = rec
        { bar = bar rec
        , baz = na      -- this field is not available anymore in V2
        }

-- | Upgrade a 'Rec' from V0 to V2
upgradeRec :: Rec V0 -> Rec V2
upgradeRec = upgrade

JSON decoding

If we know how to decode each version from JSON, we can decode a JSON string by trying all the versions from the newest to the oldest until we succeed, and upgrade the decoded object to the latest version.

This is all done automatically thanks to the DecodeAnyVersion class.

decodeRec :: ByteString -> Maybe (Rec V2)
decodeRec = fromJsonAnyVersion

Using a decoded object

Sometimes, instead of upgrading, we need to use the decoded object at its original version.

In order to do this we have to provide a constraint that can be solved with any version up to the most recent one.

We can then use the WithAnyVersion class to decode from JSON and apply a function to the decoded object.

-- Specify the return type of the function we want to apply
type instance Applied Show Rec = String

-- | Decode a 'Rec' of any version and return its string representation.
--   It requires 'Show' instances for all versions of 'Foo' up to V2.
decodeRecAndShow :: ByteString -> Maybe String
decodeRecAndShow = withJsonAnyVersion @Show @Rec @V2 show

Inspiration

The Since type family is a suggestion that late Ertugrul Soylemez's (a.k.a. ertes) gave me on IRC. The rest is just an elaboration on that base idea.

License

Copyright 2018 Lorenzo Tabacchini

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at

    http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.


*Note that all licence references and agreements mentioned in the versioning README section above are relevant to that project's source code only.